Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause disease in people and animals. They can cause the common cold or more severe diseases, such as COVID-19. COVID-19 refers to the “coronavirus disease 2019” and is a disease that can affect the lungs and airways. It is caused by a type of coronavirus.
Coronavirus is lower case unless at the start of a sentence. Refer to “the coronavirus (COVID-19)” in the first instance of each section of your article or bulletin.
“Coronavirus” should be used for all subsequent uses in a section when referring to the virus and the pandemic in general. It should also include the article “the”. For example, “the coronavirus pandemic” and “effects of the coronavirus on the economy”.
“COVID-19” should be used for all subsequent uses in a section when referring to the specific disease. For example, “there was an increase in registered deaths involving COVID-19”.
Questionnaires and respondent materials should use “coronavirus (COVID-19)” for all instances.