Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause disease in people and animals. They can cause the common cold or more severe diseases, such as COVID-19. COVID-19 refers to “coronavirus disease 2019” and is a disease that can affect the lungs and airways.
When talking about coronavirus, you should:
- use “coronavirus (COVID-19)” the first time that you refer to it in each section of your article or bulletin
- use just “coronavirus” for all subsequent uses in a section when referring to the virus and the coronavirus pandemic in general
- use “coronavirus” in lower case unless at the start of a sentence
- not add the word “the” before “coronavirus” when it is being used as a noun – for example, “effects of coronavirus on the economy”
- include the word “the” when “coronavirus” is being used as an adjective – for example, “the coronavirus pandemic”
- use “coronavirus” before “pandemic” the first time that you refer to it in a section –you can just “pandemic” for all subsequent uses in a section
“COVID-19” should be used for all subsequent uses in a section when referring to the specific disease. For example, “there was an increase in registered deaths involving COVID-19”.
Questionnaires and respondent materials should use “coronavirus (COVID-19)” for all instances.