Correlation charts are often associated with causality and they should be used with caution.

Correlation can show:

  • increases with
  • relates to
  • changes with
  • varies with
  • caused by

Anscombe’s Quartet

Anscombe’s quartet is a powerful illustration of the drawback of relying solely on basic descriptive statistics to summarise data. The data in all fourĀ of the graphs in the quartet are virtually identical when using standard descriptive methods. Looking at your data before analysing it is something that Anscombe was passionate about.

We are constantly improving based on research and best practice. Any significant changes to our guidance are available on the Updates page.