Using hyperlinks within your text is best practice for web writing and reference sections should be avoided. However, when a reference section is needed, use the following guidance.
When writing a reference:
- don’t use italics
- use single quote marks around titles
- write out abbreviations in full: page not p, volume not Vol.
- use plain English, for example, use “and others” not “et al”
- use “to” instead of a hyphen for page ranges: page 221 to 224, not pp 221-224
- don’t use full stops after initials or at the end of the reference
Bean C (2015), ‘Independent review of UK economic statistics: Interim report’, December 2015
Colangelo A, Inklaar R (2012), ‘Banking sector output measurement in the euro area – a modified approach’, Review of Income and Wealth, Volume 58, Issue 1, pages 142 to 165
If the reference is available online, make the title a link.
If you are providing a source for an image (a map, for example), you may need to give the full URL. Use the following format and make it a hyperlink: www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/