Capital letters should always be used for proper nouns, at the beginning of sentences and in acronyms. As capital letters are more difficult to read, do not use them in any other context.
Use capital letters for proper nouns, which are names that refer to a specific thing.
World Health Organization
Ministry for Health
Population (Statistics) Act 1938
Headings, titles and subtitles
All titles, subtitles, headings and subheadings should be written in sentence case. Only the following words should be capitalised:
- the first word of the title or subtitle
- the first word of the section heading or subheading
- proper nouns, such as the names of countries, months, specific statistical time periods (for example, Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2021), organisations, and specific surveys and indices
- nouns when they are followed by numbers or letters, for example, Table 1, Figure A
Labour market overview, UK: March 2020
Child and infant mortality in England and Wales: 2019
UK House Price Index: December 2020
Figure 1: In 2018, renewable generation was 11 times greater than in 2003
Compass directions and regions
Compass directions and regions are always lower case.
the south-east (direction)
the north (region)
West End (London)
Central America, North America, South America
Use title case for publication titles.
People and jobs
Job titles should be lower case, except when attributed to a person.
Sir Ian Diamond, National Statistician
Prime Minister Liz Truss
Capital letters are always used for The King.
Begin the following words and phrases with a lower case letter:
the census information
member state, accession state
section (when referring to an Act)
spring, summer, autumn, winter
local authority, health authority, unitary authority, ward, clinical commissioning groups